Engineers are one of the most wanted jobs in the world. They have a significant influence on our lives and all over around us. With engineers, we can do anything from going to space to designing a car or building a skyscraper.

According to the National Science Foundation, there are about 1 million engineering jobs open around the world. There are many job opportunities in every country that provide an excellent opportunity for many people to earn a good salary.

In this article, we will provide you with the list of the top 7 famous careers in engineering that are available now and will be available in the future as well. In addition to that, we have also provided information about their jobs, salaries, and qualifications required for this profession.

What is Engineering?

Engineering is the process of designing, creating, and building things. It involves the design, analysis, and construction of structures or systems for various purposes like transportation, power generation, aerospace engineering, etc.

Engineering has become a smart career option in today’s world due to better job opportunities, good salaries, promising career growth, etc.

Engineers are always looking for new ways of improving the performance of their products. There are several different types of engineering. Some are used in production, while others are used in research and development.

Humans usually work on the very same technology, but they have different methods of working, which results in varied approaches to make sure that they get the desired outcome.

The people who work on engineering tools are engineers and designers whose role is to create new ideas for various applications.

These designers understand design principles, standards, and guidelines or standards that help them develop their designs with extra accuracy and precision within specific parameters.

7 Types of Engineering Jobs:


Software Engineer

Software engineering is an extremely broad field that encompasses many different sub-fields. Many companies are still not exactly sure what they should focus on. We need to make sure that we use software engineering as a broad field instead of focusing on one specific area.

Job Description

Software Engineers develop, test, and debug software applications that will help businesses in the future. They work on complex computer programs or computer systems to create new products that will help companies in the future.

Educational Qualifications

The level of education needed to become a software engineer varies. It depends on the type of programming language and technologies that are used. A bachelor’s degree in computer science or related field- Computer Science, Engineering, Mathematics (Computer Programming)

Salary of a Software Engineer

$90,000 to $150,000 per year

Job Opportunities

Software Engineers work in companies like Google, Microsoft, Apple, etc.

Aerospace Engineer

The Aerospace Engineer is a person who works in the field of aeronautical engineering. They invent new systems that will help create new things like planes, helicopters, or space crafts in the future.

Job Description

Aerospace engineers have many different job roles, from hardware designers to software engineers, all with specific skill sets required for their role. They vary from being specialists in one area of an aircraft to being generalists who can do it all, depending on the needs of the project or organization.

Educational Qualifications

A bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering or related field- Aeronautical Engineering, Aeronautical Science, Mechanical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering

Salary of an Aerospace Engineer

$80,000 to $150,000 per year

Job Opportunities

Aerospace Engineers work in companies like Boeing, Lockheed Martin, etc.

Electrical Engineer

The electrical engineer is an engineer who specializes in the application of science and technology to the improvement of human well-being. He designs, develops, installs, maintains, and repairs electrical equipment used by people to maintain their homes or workplace. These include lighting systems, appliances, machines, computers, and telecommunications equipment.

Job Description

Electrical Engineers work on complex electrical circuits and control systems used in the future. They design new electrical components and related electronic circuits for various applications.

Educational Qualifications

High School Diploma or equivalent (preferred) plus one year of college coursework in electrical engineering, computer science, or a related field.

Salary of an Electrical Engineer

$80,000 to $150,000 per year

Job Opportunities

Electrical Engineers work in companies like Intel, AMD, etc.

Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical Engineers are pooling their skills in order to solve problems with complexity. They are getting better at automating processes and improving the efficiency of the work process.

Job Description

The job of a Mechanical Engineer is to design, integrate, test, and deploy systems. Mechanical Engineers have both hands on the levers of an operation. They collaborate with software developers in order to achieve objectives that meet business needs.

Educational Qualifications

A Post Graduate Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from University. B.E Degree in Mechanical Engineering from University. M.E Degree in Mechanical Engineering.

Salary of a Mechanical Engineer

$80,000 to $150,000 per year

Job Opportunities

Mechanical Engineers work in companies like Ford, GM, BMW, etc.

Civil Engineer

Civil engineers are some of the most creative people working today. As a result, they have to deal with very complex problems on a regular basis. Therefore, it is important for them to be able to think quickly and come up with solutions for their projects.

Job Description

Civil Engineers work on complex civil systems that will be used in the future. They design new components and related civil parts for various applications.

Educational Qualifications

For individuals interested in becoming a civilian engineer, a Bachelor’s in Civil engineering is the minimal requirement. Licensing in many countries requires a bachelor’s degree at least, and several employers look for bachelor’s degree applicants regardless of licensing requirements.

Salary of a Civil Engineer

$80,000 to $150,000 per year

Job Opportunities

Civil Engineers work in companies like HNTB, AECOM, etc.

Nuclear Engineer

Nuclear engineers are a key part of the modern world. They make sure that nuclear power plants are safe and secure. They design and build new reactor designs. They develop materials to be used in reactors and help in their testing, maintenance, and repair. They invent new parts and related components for various applications.

Job Description

Conduct a study on nuclear energy utilization. Developing goods and systems for nuclear energy. Development and implementation of security protocols

Educational Qualifications

At least one Master’s or a Ph.D. may be required for some nuclear engineering professions in the first steps. Nuclear engineering students should study mathematical high schools such as algebra, trigonometry, or computing science and the biology of chemistry and physics. studies should be given at high school.

Salary of a Nuclear Engineer

$80,000 to $150,000 per year

Job Opportunities

Nuclear Engineers work in companies like Lockheed Martin, Bechtel, etc.

Petroleum Engineer

Petroleum engineering is an engineering area that deals with hydrocarbon operations which may either be crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and production in the upstream petroleum and gas industry are considered to decline.

Job Description

The safe extraction of hydrocarbon resources such as oil and natural gas is the responsibility of petroleum engineers. This comprises the planning and manufacture of forages (small holes in the soil used for the location of resources) and oil wells (used to extract resources).

Educational Qualifications

The educational qualifications of a petroleum engineer are similar to those of a chemical engineer.

Salary of a Petroleum Engineer

80,000 to $150,000 per year

Job Opportunities

Petroleum Engineers work in companies like ExxonMobil, Chevron, etc.

Popular Engineering Colleges in the United States:

1. Illinois Institute of Technology

Illinois Institute of Technology

Illinois Institute of Technology has a reputation for its engineering programs. For the students, it is an excellent choice. The course structure of this course is designed so that the students can focus on the fundamentals and explore alternatives for their desired career path.

The students are encouraged to pursue their options for internships, co-op programs, and other related activities. The program also provides the student with opportunities to participate in technical symposia, attend workshops on the latest technologies and study abroad experiences at international institutions.

2. The University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is an engineering school located in Champaign, Illinois, United States. It was founded in 1855 as the first college west of the Allegheny Mountains and was initially known as Illinois College and Institute and University before changing its name to UIUC in 1893.

The current main campus located at 130 N Main St now houses 72 buildings on 500 acres, including 13 residence halls, two student centers housing over 2,600 students, four academic buildings with nearly 1,600 classrooms and laboratories, and numerous labs.

3. Purdue University

Purdue University

Purdue University offers great options for engineering students. This university has a wide range of courses that will help the student in their field of interest. Purdue University (Purdue) is a public research university in West Lafayette, Indiana. The university was founded in 1869 by businessman and politician John W. Purdue and his brother, Charles H. Purdue, as Purdue University of Pennsylvania (PUP).

PUP was chartered as an independent college in 1890 after losing its charter from the Board of Trustees and the State of Pennsylvania. It became known as PUP/Pennsylvania State University in 1897 due to a major fire that destroyed most of it its buildings.

4. University of Michigan Ann Arbor

The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, has one of the largest engineering colleges in the United States. It is one of the most popular places to study engineering at any time because of its large number of teaching and research facilities. Engineering colleges in the United States are integrating more and more with the technology world.

They are looking for talent to become an engineer, but it is very difficult to get into some of the top engineering programs due to high competition among students applying. They need assistance in getting into top engineering colleges.

5. The University of Texas at Austin

university of austin

The University of Texas at Austin has produced a lot of great engineers in this country. Some students who went to these schools decided to take a higher degree and then apply for college degrees jobs. These students were not able to get accepted into other colleges because they did not have the required degrees from these schools.

6. University of Wisconsin-Madison

The University of Wisconsin-Madison is a prestigious American university that offers many undergraduate and graduate programs. It also has a big focus on international education.

There are more than 1,200 engineering colleges across the U.S., and they all offer different programs of study. Some of them offer degrees such as Bachelor’s, Masters, and Ph.D. Programs. The schools provide different educational experiences based on their curriculum and different courses offered by the schools.

The course available at an engineering college usually depends on the student’s knowledge and previous educational background. Most students attend these schools to get a degree for working in various fields like technology, healthcare, etc.

7. Georgia Tech

Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Tech and engineering colleges in the United States are the most popular choice for international students who want to study in America. There are many reasons why Georgia Tech is such a popular choice for students. The state, the city, and the education offer make Georgia Tech an attractive location.

Georgia Tech has many different types of engineering programs. It offers some undergraduate and graduate degree programs in technology, architecture, computer science, etc. The college is ranked at the top in numerous fields like electronics, biomedical sciences, and nanotechnology.

9. Stanford University

Stanford University is a large university in California, United States. It has a strong engineering tradition, and its faculty members have been highly influential in the fields of computer science, math, and physics. Stanford University is ranked at the top in several different engineering disciplines like electrical engineering, computer science, and mechanical engineering.

The university offers more than 150 undergraduate degree programs in Engineering, Science, and Technology (EST). Stanford has an impressive curriculum with many courses offered online. Students who are interested in pursuing degrees

9. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. MIT has several undergraduate and graduate degree programs that are related to engineering. The school offers more than 50 degrees in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, civil and environmental engineering, etc.

The students at MIT can choose from a wide range of different courses in these areas. They can also participate in internships and research projects to gain more knowledge about the industry they are interested in.

10. University of California, Berkeley

University of California, Berkeley is a public research university in the United States. It has several different departments and colleges that offer undergraduate degrees in engineering disciplines like civil engineering, chemical engineering, electrical and computer engineering, etc.

The school also offers more than 50 graduate degree programs in various fields of Engineering. UC Berkeley has a strong history of research in the field of engineering. Many alumni have become successful and influential figures in different fields like computer science, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, etc.

11. University of California, Los Angeles

University of California, Los Angeles is a public research university in the United States. Many different departments and colleges offer undergraduate degrees in engineering disciplines like civil engineering, electrical and computer engineering, etc.UCLA has a strong history of research in the field of engineering. Many alumni have become successful and influential figures in different fields like computer science, electrical engineering, civil engineering, etc.

12. Arizona StateUniversity

Arizona State University is a public research university in Tempe, Arizona. Founded in 1887, ASU has a global reputation for its academic excellence and research impact. It is a leading producer of career-focused undergraduate and graduate programs in engineering, the sciences, business, and humanities.

In 2018, ASU was ranked #12 among all U.S. public universities by “Newsweek” magazine’s annual rankings of the top public universities in the United States. In 2016-17, ASU’s undergraduate student enrollment was 3 million while its faculty of 841 were producing more than $1 billion annually in research grants and contracts with industry partners such as Boeing Corporation, Lockheed Martin Corporation, and Microsoft Corporation.

13. University of Minnesota

The University of Minnesota is a public research university in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, United States. The Twin Cities campus is the largest in the state, with 35,892 students (Fall 2016).

It is one of America’s “Public Ivy” institutions, which refers to top universities nationally that are publicly funded. The university is ranked #1 in the world for Engineering and is also one of 50 public universities to be members of the Association of American Universities (AAU).

14. Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1900 and named after the American industrialist and philanthropist.

The university has programs in software engineering, information technology, computer science, design, architecture, and economics. The university has campuses in Pittsburgh, Qatar, and Silicon Valley. It is a leading university in robotics, intelligence, and analytics.

15. Hamilton college

Hamilton college

Hamilton College is a private, nonsectarian liberal arts college located in the Finger Lakes region of New York. It was founded by William Hamilton in 1812 and named after Alexander Hamilton. As of 2018, Hamilton College was the only non-profit college in New York City to offer an undergraduate degree in engineering and design.

The college offers three undergraduate degrees: Bachelor of Science (B.S.), Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA), and Master of Science (M.S.).

Final Words

One should always remember that the value of education is not just in acquiring knowledge but also in teaching people how to learn.

Education has become a necessity for survival and not just a luxury or trend today. The quality of education will determine the quality of our society.

The University System is an institution for imparting knowledge and a platform to shape people and promote positive change in their lives. It must be equipped with professionals who can teach them how to learn and absorb information better.

We should invest in people and not just numbers. It is time we invest in our future generations so that they can become educated, productive citizens of the country.

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